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GATE BT 2016
GATE 2016 is on the cards now, and the lines for application are expected to open in Sep-Oct 2015. GATE, undoubtedly is the most sought after exams for admission in IITs and IISc and other top notch colleges in India and abroad. This article is thus aimed at providing you up to date information on GATE BT 2016.

About GATE and GATE Biotechnology (India)

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is the most coveted examination in India that tests the overall scientifc and technical aptitude of various undergraduate students in engineering and science. Jointly conducted by the top notch institutes of the country -- [i]Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
and the conventional seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India, GATE ensures a standard screening of undergraduate students of various streams from various colleges of the country for a Post Graduate (PG) or PhD degree in the coveted IITs/IISc and other top institutes/universities of the country.[/i]

GATE BT (Biotechnology) was introduced as a separate subject in GATE in the year 2010. Before 2010, GATE XL (Life Sciences) used to be there for all branches of Biology/Life Sciences. But, considering the technical inclination of Biotechnology field, GATE BT was introduced as a separate subject from 2010 onwards. Thus, currently, both GATE BT and GATE XL exist and cater to the needs of Life Sc./Biology/Biotechnology students.

Scholarship through GATE

Those students who qualify GATE and are admitted to an insitute through the screening procedure, are eligible for a monthly minimum stipend of Rs 12000/- which was earlier Rs 8000/- . Some institutes still offer Rs 8000/- p.m stipend.
The stipend is given against the duties fulfilled by the students as Teaching Assistants, by conducting tutorial/laboratory classes of their juniors in the institute.
GATE 2016 Organizer
Going by the conventional trend, it is expected that Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore will  be the organizing institute for GATE 2016. We will keep you posted of the updates here.
Recommended Books for GATE BT 2016
Please click this link : to find the complete detail on important subjects and books to follow for GATE Biotechnology 2016.
Important Topics for GATE BT 2016
One may refer the article: to find the list of crucial 25 topics for GATE BT 2016 preparations. The topics are compiled after a comprehensive analysis of previous year papers of GATE BT.
We will keep you posted of all the important updates on GATE BT 2016 under this thread. Keep watching this space for staying up to date! It's recommended to “subscribe to this thread”, once you comment under this thread, which will help you to get regular emails about any activity on this thread.
All the Best!
Best Wishes!
Sunil Nagpal

Question Posted by >> dipak0mukherjee

I am now in third year and 6th semester is coming on May. I have started preparation for Gate BT I have only one year...I have checked the year wise list of conducting gate institutes...and from this I have guessed that IISC Bangalore will conduct gate 2016..But my question is as IISC Bangalore has ug courses in B.Sc biology how should I prepare there are so many subjects like neurobiology, hormones and endocrine system  Sad and if questions will come from those topics then it will create problem as these topics are not in gate bt syllabus..plz help...
The question paper of GATE 2016 will be made on the basis of the Syllabus for GATE 2016 irrespective of the syllabus of any courses offered by the conducting institute. So, prepare yourself according to the GATE BT 2016 syllabus and do not think about the syllabus of B.Sc biology courses of IISC Bangalore.Following is the GATE BT 2016 syllabus:

GATE Biotechnology Syllabus

Linear Algebra: Matrices and determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier Series.
Differential Equations: Linear and nonlinear first order ODEs, higher order ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations,Laplace transforms, PDE- Laplace, heat and wave equations.
Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Correlation and regression analysis.
Numerical Methods: Solution of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, Integration of trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, Single and multistep methods for differential equations.

Microbiology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Microbial nutrition, growth and control; Microbial metabolism (aerobic and anaerobic respiration, photosynthesis); Nitrogen fixation; Chemical basis of mutations and mutagens; Microbial genetics (plasmids, transformation, transduction, conjugation); Microbial diversity and characteristic features; Viruses.

Biochemistry: Biomolecules and their conformation; Weak inter-molecular interactions in biomacromolecules; Chemical and functional nature of enzymes; Kinetics of single substrate and bi-substrate enzyme catalyzed reactions; Bioenergetics; Metabolism (Glycolysis, TCA and Oxidative phosphorylation); Membrane transport and pumps; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell signaling and signal transduction.

Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; DNA replication and control; Transcription and its control; Translational processes; Regulatory controls in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Mendelian inheritance; Gene interaction; Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extrachromosomal inheritance; Chromosomal variation; Population genetics; Transposable elements, Molecular basis of genetic diseases and applications.

Process Biotechnology: Bioprocess technology for the production of cell biomass and primary/secondary metabolites, such as baker’s yeast, ethanol, citric acid, amino acids, exo-polysacharides, antibiotics and pigments etc.; Microbial production, purification and bioprocess application(s) of industrial enzymes; Production and purification of recombinant proteins on a large scale; Chromatographic and membrane based bioseparation methods; Immobilization of enzymes and cells and their application for bioconversion processes.
Aerobic and anaerobic biological processes for stabilization of solid / liquid wastes; Bioremediation.

Bioprocess Engineering: Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation; Simple structured models; Sterilization of air and media; Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes; Aeration and agitation; Mass transfer in bioreactors; Rheology of fermentation fluids; Scale-up concepts; Design of fermentation media; Various types of microbial and enzyme reactors; Instrumentation in bioreactors.

Plant and Animal Biotechnology: Special features and organization of plant cells; Totipotency; Regeneration of plants; Plant products of industrial importance; Biochemistry of major metabolic pathways and products; Autotrophic and heterotrophic growth; Plant growth regulators and elicitors; Cell suspension culture development: methodology, kinetics of growth and production formation, nutrient optimization; Production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures; Hairy root cultures and their cultivation. Techniques in raising transgencies.

Characteristics of animal cells: Metabolism, regulation and nutritional requirements for mass cultivation of animal cell cultures; Kinetics of cell growth and product formation and effect of shear force; Product and substrate transport; Micro & macro-carrier culture; Hybridoma technology; Live stock improvement; Cloning in animals; Genetic engineering in animal cell culture; Animal cell preservation.

Immunology: The origin of immunology; Inherent immunity; Humoral and cell mediated immunity; Primary and secondary lymphoid organ; Antigen; B and T cells and Macrophages; Major histocompatibility complex (MHC); Antigen processing and presentation; Synthesis of antibody and secretion; Molecular basis of antibody diversity; Polyclonal and monoclonal antibody; Complement; Antigen-antibody reaction; Regulation of immune response; Immune tolerance; Hyper sensitivity; Autoimmunity; Graft versus host reaction.

Recombinant DNA Technology: Restriction and modification enzymes; Vectors: plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome; cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation; Gene cloning; Expression of cloned gene; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA sequencing; Polymerase chain reactions; DNA fingerprinting; Southern and northern blotting; In-situ hybridization; RAPD; RFLP; Site-directed mutagenesis; Gene transfer technologies; Gene therapy.

Bioinformatics: Major bioinformatics resources (NCBI, EBI, ExPASy); Sequence and structure databases; Sequence analysis (biomolecular sequence file formats, scoring matrices, sequence alignment, phylogeny); Genomics and Proteomics (Large scale genome sequencing strategies; Comparative genomics; Understanding DNA microarrays and protein arrays); Molecular modeling and simulations (basic concepts including concept of force fields).
thanks a lot sir....can u plz help me by suggesting some books for process biotechnology which includes exopolysaccharides,amino acids etc..i havn't found any good book...
(03-15-2015, 11:12 PM)dipak0mukherjee Wrote: I am now in third year and 6th semester is coming on May. I have started preparation for Gate BT I have only one year...I have checked the year wise list of conducting gate institutes...and from this I have guessed that IISC Bangalore will conduct gate 2016..But my question is as IISC Bangalore has ug courses in B.Sc biology how should I prepare there are so many subjects like neurobiology, hormones and endocrine system  Sad and if questions will come from those topics then it will create problem as these topics are not in gate bt syllabus..plz help...

Hi Dipak,

Questions won't be asked out of the syllabus. You may safely ignore those topics which are off syllabus.

And your strategy for solving previous year papers should be such that you should try to comprehend the details of each and every option of an MCQ. To quote an example:

If I ask someone about the gaseous hormone in plants. And give four options:
a. Auxin B. Cytokinin C. Abscisic acid D. Ethylene

Then apart from knowing the right answer, you should be aware of the details of all other three options as well (their role/their significance).

This would ensure a deep understanding of a broad spectrum of topics.

Hope it helps

Best wishes

Sunil Nagpal
MS(Research) Scholar, IIT Delhi (Alumnus)
Advisor for the Biotech Students portal (
Computational Researcher in BioSciences at a leading MNC

Suggested Reads:
Top Biotech Companies | Top places to work
Indian Biotech Companies and Job Openings
Aiming a PhD in Top Grad School? | These are the Important Points to Consider
Careers in Biotechnology | A list of various Options
Biotechnology Competitive Exams in India
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