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Full Version: Definition of "In trans to"
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I'm training myself to be a patent translator and recently encountered the phrasal term, "in trans to." Does anybody tell me what this term means?

Here are example usages:
"these exosomes transmit redox signaling in trans to neighboring cells"
"PH domain of ELMO functions in trans to regulate Rac activation via Dock180"
" these complexes on activated monocytes present IL-15 in trans to target cells such as CD8+ T cells"
"regulatory elements might have the capacity to act in trans to regulate genes on other chromosomes"